Advancesin Alzheimer’s Disease, 2016, *, *-*
ISSN Online: 2169-2467
ISSN Print: 2169-2459
AuthorsName/s per 1st, Authors Name/s per 2nd
(Affiliation):Department Name of Organization, Name of Organization, City, Country
Email: address desired (without hyperlink in E-mail)
How to cite this paper: Author 1, Author 2 and Author 3 (2016) Paper Title. ******, *, *-*.
Received: **** **, ***
Accepted: **** **, ***
Published: **** **, ***
Copyright © 2016 by author(s) and
Scientific Research Publishing Inc.
This work is licensed under the Creative
Commons Attribution International
License (CC BY 4.0).
This electronic document is a “live” template. The various components of your paper [title, text, heads, etc.] are already defined on the style sheet, as illustrated by the portions given in this document. (Abstract)
Component, Formatting, Style, Styling, Insert (keywords)
1. Introduction (Heading 1)
This template, created in MS Word 2007,provides authors with most of the formatting specifications needed forpreparing electronic versions of their papers. All standard paper componentshave been specified for three reasons: 1) ease of use when formatting individualpapers, 2) automatic compliance to electronic requirements that facilitate theconcurrent or later production of electronic products, and 3) conformity ofstyle throughout a journal paper. Margins, column widths, line spacing, andtype styles are built-in; examples of the type styles are provided throughoutthis document and are identified in italic type, within parentheses, followingthe example. Some components, such as multi-leveledequations, graphics, and tables are not prescribed,although the various table text styles are provided. Theformatter will need to create these components, incorporatingthe applicable criteria that follow.
2. Ease of Use (Heading 2)
2.1.Selecting a Template (Sub-Heading 2.1)
First,confirm that you have the correct template for your paper size. This templatehas been tailored for output on the custom paper size (21 cm * 28.5 cm).
2.2. Maintaining the Integrity of theSpecifications
Thetemplate is used to format your paper andstyle the text. All margins, column widths, line spaces, and text fonts areprescribed; please do not alter them. You may note peculiarities.For example, the head margin in this template measures proportionately morethan is customary. This measurement and others are deliberate, usingspecifications that anticipate your paper as one part of the entire journals, and not as an independent document. Please do not revise any of the currentdesignations.
3. Prepare Your Paper before Styling(Heading 3)
Before you begin to format your paper, first write andsave the content as a separate text file. Keep your text and graphic filesseparate until after the text has been formatted and styled. Do not use hardtabs, and limit use of hard returns to only one return at the end of aparagraph. Do not add any kind of pagination anywhere in the paper. Do notnumber text heads—the template will do that for you.
Finally, completecontent and organizational editing before formatting. Please take note of thefollowing items when proofreading spelling and grammar:
3.1. Abbreviations and Acronyms
Define abbreviations and acronyms the first time they areused in the text, even after they have been defined in the abstract.Abbreviations such as IEEE, SI, MKS, CGS, sc, dc, and rms do not have to bedefined. Do not use abbreviations in the title or heads unless they areunavoidable.
· Useeither SI (MKS) or CGS as primary units. (SI units are encouraged.) Englishunits may be used as secondary units (in parentheses). Anexception would be the use of English units as identifiers in trade, such as“3.5-inch disk drive”.
· Avoidcombining SI and CGS units, such as current in amperes and magnetic field inoersteds. This often leads to confusion because equations do not balancedimensionally. If you must use mixed units, clearly state the units for eachquantity that you use in an equation.
· Donot mix complete spellings and abbreviations of units: “Wb/m2” or“webers per square meter”, not “webers/m2”. Spell out units whenthey appear in text: “... a few henries”, not “... a few H”.
· Usea zero before decimal points: “0.25”, not “.25”. Use “cm3”, not“cc”.
Theequations are an exception to the prescribed specifications of this template.You will need to determine whether or not your equation should be typed usingeither the Times New Roman or the Symbol font (please no other font). Equationsshould be edited by Mathtype, not in text or graphic versions. You aresuggested to use Mathtype 6.0 (or above version).
Number equationsconsecutively. Equation numbers, within parentheses, are to position flushright, as in (1), using a right tab stop. To make your equations more compact,you may use the solidus ( / ), the exp function, or appropriate exponents.Italicize Roman symbols for quantities and variables, and Greek symbols. Do notitalicize constants as π, etc. Usea long dash rather than a hyphen for a minus sign. Punctuate equations with commas or periods when they are part of a sentence,as in
Note that the equationis centered. Be sure that the symbols in your equation havebeen defined before or immediately following the equation. Use “Equation (1)”, not “Eq. (1)”or “(1)”, and at the beginning of a sentence: “Equation (1) is ...”
3.4. Some Common Mistakes
· Theword “data” is plural, not singular.
· Thesubscript for the permeability of vacuum 0, and other common scientific constants,is zero with subscript formatting, not a lowercase letter “o”.
· InAmerican English, commas, semi-/colons, periods, question and exclamation marksare located within quotation marks only when a complete thought or name iscited, such as a title or full quotation. When quotation marks are used,instead of a bold or italic typeface, to highlight a word or phrase,punctuation should appear outside of the quotation marks. A parentheticalphrase or statement at the end of a sentence is punctuated outside of theclosing parenthesis (like this). (A parenthetical sentence is punctuated withinthe parentheses.)
· Agraph within a graph is an “inset”, not an “insert”. The word alternatively ispreferred to the word “alternately” (unless you really mean something thatalternates).
· Donot use the word “essentially” to mean “approximately” or “effectively”.
· Inyour paper title, if the words “that uses” can accurately replace the word“using”, capitalize the “u”; if not, keep using lower-cased.
· Beaware of the different meanings of the homophones “affect” and “effect”, “complement”and “compliment”, “discreet” and “discrete”, “principal” and “principle”.
· Donot confuse “imply” and “infer”.
· Theprefix “non” is not a word; it should be joined to the word it modifies,usually without a hyphen.
· Thereis no period after the “et” but a period after the “al” in the Latinabbreviation “et al.”.
· Theabbreviation “i.e.” means “that is”, and the abbreviation “e.g.” means“for example”.
4. Using the Template (Heading 4)
Afterthe text edit has been completed, the paper is ready for the template.Duplicate the template file by using the Save As command, and use the namingconvention prescribed by your journal for the name of your paper. In this newly createdfile, highlight all of the contents and import your prepared text file. You arenow ready to style your paper.
4.1. Authors and Affiliations
Thetemplate is designed so that author affiliations are not repeated each time formultiple authors of the same affiliation. Please keep your affiliations assuccinct as possible (for example, do NOT postyour job titles, positions, academic degrees, zip codes, names ofbuilding/street/district/province/state, etc.). This template was designed fortwo affiliations.
1) For author/s ofonly one affiliation: To change the default, adjust the template as follows.
a) Selection: Highlight all author and affiliation lines.
b) Change number of columns: Select the Columns icon from the MS Word Standardtoolbar and then select “1 Column” from the selection palette.
c) Deletion: Delete the author and affiliation lines for the second affiliation.
2) For author/s ofmore than two affiliations: To change the default, adjust the template asfollows.
a) Selection: Highlight all author and affiliation lines.
b) Change number of columns: Select the “Columns” icon from the MS Word Standardtoolbar and then select “1 Column” from the selection palette.
c) Highlight author and affiliation lines of affiliation 1 and copy thisselection.
d) Formatting: Insert one hard return immediately after the last character of thelast affiliation line. Then paste down the copy of affiliation 1. Repeat asnecessary for each additional affiliation.
4.2. Identify the Headings
Headings,or heads, are organizational devices that guide the reader through your paper.There are two types: component heads and text heads.
Componentheads identify the different components of your paper and are not topicallysubordinate to each other. Examples include Acknowledgements and References and, for these, the correct style touse is “Heading 5”. Use “figure caption” for your Figure captions, and “tablehead” for your table title. Run-in heads, such as “Abstract”, will require youto apply a style (in this case, non-italic)in addition to the style provided by the drop down menu to differentiate thehead from the text.
Text heads organizethe topics on a relational, hierarchical basis. For example, the paper title isthe primary text head because all subsequent material relates and elaborates onthis one topic. If there are two or more sub-topics, the nextlevel head should be used and, conversely, if there are not atleast two sub-topics, then no subheads should be introduced. Styles named“Heading 1”, “Heading 2”, “Heading 3”, and “Heading 4” are prescribed.
4.3. Figures and Tables
PositioningFigures and Tables: Place figures and tables at the top or bottom of columns. Avoid placing them in the middle of columns. Large figuresand tables may spanacross both columns. Figure captions should be below the figures; tableheads should appear above the tables.Insert figures and tables after they are cited in the text. Use “Figure 1”and “Table 1” in bold fonts, even at the beginning of a sentence.
Table 1. Table type styles (Table caption is indispensable).
Table Column Head
Table column subhead
More table copya
a.Sample of a Table footnote (Table footnote is dispensable).
SHAPE \* MERGEFORMAT
We suggest that you use a text box to insert a graphic (which is ideally a 500 dpi jpg, png or tiffile, with all fonts embedded) because, in an MSW document, this method is somewhat more stable than directly inserting a picture.
To have non-visible rules on your frame, use the MSWord “Format” pull-down menu, select Text Box > Colors and Lines to choose No Fill and No Line.